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The immune system is the body’s natural defense system that helps fight infections. The organs of the immune system include:
- The tonsils, which are on either side of the throat at the back of the throat. The tonsils help make antibodies that fight infections.
- Lymph nodes and lymphatics, which are found throughout the body. The lymphatics carry fluid, nutrients, and waste material between the body tissues and the bloodstream. The lymph nodes filter lymph fluid as it flows through them, trapping bacteria, viruses, and other foreign substances, which are then destroyed by special white blood cells called lymphocytes.
- Thymus gland, which is found in the upper chest at the bottom of the neck, behind the breastbone. The thymus helps make antibodies that fight infection.
- Bone marrow, which is found mainly inside the long bones, vertebrae, and pelvic bones of the body. The marrow makes white blood cells that destroy bacteria, viruses, and other organisms that cause infection.
- Spleen, which is found in the upper left side of the abdomen. The spleen supports the immune system by helping it to recognize bacteria and other foreign substances and destroying them.
|Primary Medical Reviewer||E. Gregory Thompson, MD – Internal Medicine|
|Specialist Medical Reviewer||W. David Colby IV, MSc, MD, FRCPC – Infectious Disease|
|Last Revised||December 30, 2011|
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
Last Updated: December 30, 2011
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